22-23 November 2021
Europe/Paris timezone

Plenary and Side sessions

Monday 22 November:

Plasma plenary session

The „Plasma plenary session“ will bring up some important points and hot topics connected to the world’s most important experiments in both magnetic and inertial confinement fusion. Plasma physics is helping us to understand the way the 4th state of matter behaves – and it often behaves like a spiteful goblin – the number of various types of instabilities that are slowing us down on the way to the controlled fusion is tremendous.

In the session, the ELM instabilities that need to be perfectly understood to secure safe operation in the ITER baseline scenario will be discussed first. Then we will have a look at the practical features of tokamak operation and plasma control with one of the most experienced European tokamak pilots. Last but not least, an expert from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory will tell us about the recent record breaking inertial fusion experiment at NIF. Come and join us to hear about and discuss these thrilling topics!


  • Howard Wilson: ELMs and confinement physics
  • Eva Belony: Tokamak operations and plasma control
  • Alex Zylstra: NIF specialist on the recent record shot

Moderator: Ondrei Ficker

Materials plenary session

R&D in Fusion Materials is a cornerstone on the roadmap towards the nuclearization of fusion energy. The current fusion devices with ITER acting as the spearhead, are expected to provide insight and solutions for several issues that must be cleared before having DEMO, the first stage prototype fusion reactor. However, materials offer a non-trivial challenge to the fusion community. Heat, particle loads and in particular, neutron loads, present a significant problem to material performance and lifetime when extrapolating from ITER to DEMO. The current challenges and state-of-the-art in European fusion materials research will be discussed in this session.


  • Lorenzo Boccaccini: KIT/ EUROfusion
  • Mike Gorley: UKAEA/EUROfusion

Moderator: Dario Cruz

Tuesday 23 November:

Deployment side session

Effectively deploying fusion power plants: challenges and ways forward

Climate change, human population growth, the importance of developing the Global South, and environmental protection mean that fusion may be of crucial importance in supplying a significant proportion of the world's energy needs by the end of this century, and preferably before.  But, is fusion on track?  Significant technological, economic and societal challenges stand in the way.  In this session, we will examine these challenges and consider what important approaches to fusion may make the necessary development and deployment of fusion power plants faster.


  • Alan Costley: Consultant Physicist for Tokamak Energy
  • James Morris: Power Plant Technology Group Leader, CCFE
  • Chiara Bustreo: Researcher at Consorzio RFX, Padova, Italy; and Socio Economic Studies Project Leader for EUROfusion.
  • Guido Lange:  Training and Education Manager for EUROfusion.

Moderator: Nick Osborne

Fusion start-ups side session

The growing private fusion industry is an exciting field with over two billion dollars raised by private fusion companies to date. There are a number of private fusion companies across the world which utilise a variety of different approaches to fusion to push towards commercial viability, with short timelines of 10-20 years often mentioned in strategic plans.

In this session, there will be presentations given by a few fusion start-up companies, to provide a background to their approach and technology and also their plans for commercial fusion. This session aims to provide information about the variety of contrasting approaches to fusion, alongside offering an opportunity to discuss these approaches, technological difficulties, timelines, the world of private fusion etc.. with experts in the industry.


  • Dr Alex Creely: Head of Physics-Engineering Integration at Commonwealth Fusion Systems
  • Mila Fitzgerald: First Light Fusion

Moderator: Ella Fox-Widdows

Liquid metals side session

Liquid metals is a hot topic in fusion. To cope with the high heat fluxes in the divertor, new exotic designs are being explored. These include the use of liquid metals. The two main candidates are lithium (Li) and tin (Sn).  In this side session we want to explore the main advantages and disadvantages of these two elements, the possibility of a LiSnallow and the different designs such as flowing liquids, vapor boxes and capillary porous structure (CPS). Moreover, different operating regimes can be achieved: high or low recycling. Let us discuss their advantages as well. Finally we look to the future, DEMO, what is the likelihood that liquid metals are used and which one is more likely to be implemented.

Speakers: To be Announced

Moderator: Maria Morbey

Fusion diagnostics side session

Fusion diagnostics are essential tools both for the investigation of plasma physics and operation control. In a reactor, they will constitute an integral part of the machine itself, as avionics on a plane. Diagnostics are often very complex and demanding systems who push the envelope of current technology. Designing and operating such systems is a challenge in itself.

In this side session two of the most prominent experts on this field, Dr. Michael Walsh (Head of Diagnostics Division at ITER Organization) and Prof. Dr. Robert Wolf (Head of Stellarator Heating and Optimisation Division at Wendelstein 7-X), will guide us in a discussion on the challenges and future of fusion diagnostics.


  • Dr Michael Walsh: Head of Diagnostics Division at ITER Organization
  • Prof Dr Rober Wolf: Head of Stellarator Heating and Optimisation Division at Wendelstein 7-X

Moderator: Andrea Dal Molin